Climate change, air pollution & water crisis, we all thought these are the problems of the future. Well, here’s a wake-up call!! The future is here. In June 2017, Cape town ran out of water. Around in June this year, cities like Chennai and Bangalore were rendered cripple by the extreme water crisis. Sao Paulo, Beijing, Cairo, Jakarta, Moscow, Istanbul, London, Tokyo, and Miami are some other well-known hubs and megacities that are close in line.
When we say water crisis – the picture that immediately comes to mind is draught prone cracked land, animal carcasses, and lifeless trees. Well, this is not what we mean here.
“A water crisis is a situation where the available potable, unpolluted water within a region is less than that region’s demand. Water scarcity is being driven by two converging phenomena: growing freshwater use and depletion of usable freshwater resources.” – says ScienceDaily
Today many people across the world are living with less water than they need. While 70% of the earth is covered in water, only 3% is fresh and consumable. If we do not wake up now, the future is dark. Non-availability of safe drinking water spells doom.
A recent study estimates that by 2050, increased use of nitrogen and phosphorous will result in up to 1 in 3 people being exposed to a high risk of water pollution. As the demand for water, food and sanitation increases, the water quality will deteriorate, and its impact on the ecosystem will be far-reaching.
The pollution of water bodies and the environment is a threat to the planet and all its inhabitants. Irresponsible dumping of industrial waste, deforestation, use of pesticides in agricultural fields, and accidental oil spillage are some reasons why our water bodies are getting highly contaminated. In addition to causing grave inconvenience to mankind, contaminated water bodies will also cause the disappearance of biodiversity and destruction of the aquatic ecosystems.
We are contributing way too much in causing this water crisis, can we contribute to reverse this phenomenon?
A small step – immense results
While an individual effort may seem small when compared with the grave water scarcity and crisis, collectively these individual efforts can ward off, or even reverse the situation in the coming years. All you have to do is make smart choices. Preserve, value, and save water while you have it.
Recycle and reuse
Install Greywater systems
Use smart filtration appliances
*Make sure your plumbing is leak-proof. Most of the water seeps out through rusty pipes and leaking taps to go waste. Wasting even a single drop of this valuable resource is a crime.
A water crisis struck city fights to get back on feet
Today as Chennai struggles with water scarcity, the citizens are exploring the benefits of rainwater harvesting and leading by example. Many societies and localities have harvested rainwater and stored it for utilities and daily use.
Rainwater harvesting is a technique where the rainwater is channelled into containers, storage tanks, ground wells, or reservoirs. The solid waste is all filtered using simple net filters and then the water can be used for irrigation, mopping, flushing, cleaning, and more. This rainwater, if filtered to remove all the impurities can also be used for drinking. An apartment complex near to Chennai’s IT corridor collected nearly thirty thousand litres of rainwater in over an hour. After adequate filtration and treatment, this water was used to fulfill the water needs of nearly 56 families for three days. The result – all these 56 families saved the money they spent on expensive water tankers. Another benefit of rainwater harvesting is that the surplus water recharges the groundwater levels and the groundwater levels rejuvenate with time.
We can go on talking and discussing the water crisis, and how it is adversely affecting the environment and our lives, however, this is the time for action. We must collectively conserve water. Societies and multi-facility buildings must invest in the sustainable management of water and energy, and ensure effective means of sanitation and waste disposal. The freshwater reservoirs are the lifeline of our planet, they need to be revived for the planet to progress and thrive. An awakened individual and a responsible sustainable way of living will help us clock in the desired change.